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dc.coverage.spatialE. E. Central Amazónicaes_ES
dc.creatorCaicedo Vargas, Carlos-
dc.creatorPérez Neira, David-
dc.creatorGallar, David-
dc.creatorAbad González, Julio-
dc.date.accessioned2022-08-29T13:39:05Z-
dc.date.available2022-08-29T13:39:05Z-
dc.date.issued2022-
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.iniap.gob.ec/handle/41000/5871-
dc.description• The environmental performance of cacao production was assessed applying LCA. • Organic management reduces all the environmental impacts except for land footprint. • Organic management also improves economic/ environmental efficiency. • Economic profitability is one of the weaknesses of cacao production in this region.es_ES
dc.description.abstractEcuador is the third largest cacao exporter in the world. Up to 10%of Ecuador's cacao production is grown in the Amazon region, mostly under conventional (CA) and organic (OA) agroforestry systems. Despite the importance of cacao in this area, no previous studies on its environmental impact and economic viability have yet been carried out. The main objective of this research is to fill this gap and, more specifically, perform a comparative analysis between CA and OA systems. For this purpose, primary information was gathered from 90 farms (44 conventional and 46 organic ones) that implement land management practices. The environmental performance of cacao production was assessed using a life cycle analysis methodology, with a cradle-to-farm gate approach. Up to twelve impact categories and five environmental and monetary efficiency indicators were estimated based on three functional units (1 kg of cacao, 1 kg of output sold, and 1 ha). Additionally, an economic viability analysis was performed, focused on profitability. The results show that organic management allows to reduce the environmental impact in all the analyzed categories, except for the land footprint, and improved the environmental and economic efficiency of agroforestry systems. The economic analysis shows no statistically significant differences between CA and OA profitability (net margin), which can be improved by selling co-products.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipInstitute of Sociology and Peasant Studies (ISEC), Universidad de Córdoba, Spain and Central Experimental Station of the Amazon of INIAP (National Institute of Agricultural Research), Ecuador Dept. of Economics and Statistics, Universidad de León, Spain Institute of Sociology and Peasant Studies (ISEC), Universidad de Córdoba, Spaines_ES
dc.format.extent11p.es_ES
dc.language.isoenes_ES
dc.publisherEC-INIAP-SR Joya de los Sachas (INIAP/ART2022)es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Ecuador*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ec/*
dc.subjectLCAes_ES
dc.subjectEROIes_ES
dc.subjectProfites_ES
dc.subjectSustainabilityes_ES
dc.subjectManagementes_ES
dc.subjectAgroecologyes_ES
dc.titleAssessment of the environmental impact and economic performance of cacao agroforestry systems in the Ecuadorian Amazon region: An LCA approaches_ES
dc.typeArtículoes_ES
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCarlos Caicedo Vargas, David Pérez Neira, Julio Abad González, David Gallar(2022)Assessment of the environmental impact and economic performance of cacao agroforestry systems in the Ecuadorian Amazon region: An LCA approach 11p. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.157795es_ES
dc.subject.academicCUARTO NIVELes_ES
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